Middle School Curriculums
The Mathematics Department at Georgia Cyber Academy follows the Georgia Standards of Excellence (GSE). In Grade 6, instructional time focuses on four critical areas: (1) completing understanding of division of fractions and extending the notion of number to the system of rational numbers, which includes negative numbers; (2) connecting ratio and rate to whole number multiplication and division and using concepts of ratio and rate to solve problems; (3) writing, interpreting, and using expressions and equations; and (4) developing understanding of statistical thinking. Listed below are the detailed pieces covered in 6th grade.
- The Number System: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to divide fractions by fractions.
- Ratios and Proportional Relationships: Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems.
- Expressions and Equations: Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions
- Geometry: Solve real‐world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume
- Statistics and Probability: Develop understanding of statistical variability
The Mathematics Department at Georgia Cyber Academy follows the Georgia Standards of Excellence (GSE). In Grade 7, instructional time should focus on four critical areas: (1) developing understanding of and applying proportional relationships; (2) developing understanding of operations with rational numbers and working with expressions and linear equations; (3) solving problems involving scale drawings and informal geometric constructions, and working with two and three-dimensional shapes to solve problems involving area, surface area, and volume, and (4) drawing inferences about populations based on samples. Listed below are the detailed pieces covered in 7th grade.
- Operations with signed numbers: Explore operations (add, subtract, multiply, divide) with positive and negative rational numbers
- Ratios and Proportional Relationships: Develop proportional relationships through the analysis of graphs, tables, equations, and diagrams
- Expressions and Equations: Apply properties of operations and real-world situation as strategies to simplify linear expressions and solve equations
- Geometry: Explore 2 Dimensional and 3 Dimensional geometric relationships such as area, perimeter, surface area, and volume
- Statistics: Use random sampling to draw inferences about a population and compare multiple populations
- Probability: Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models of simultaneous linear equations.
The Mathematics Department at Georgia Cyber Academy follows the Georgia Standards of Excellence (GSE). In Grade 8, instructional time should focus on three critical areas: (1) formulating and reasoning about expressions and equations, including modeling an association in bivariate data with a linear equation, and solving linear equations and systems of linear equations; (2) grasping the concept of a function and using functions to describe quantitative relationships; (3) analyzing two‐ and three‐dimensional space and figures using distance, angle, similarity, and congruence, and understanding and applying the Pythagorean Theorem. Listed below are the detailed pieces covered in 8th grade.
- Transformations, Congruence & Similarity: Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies or geometry software.
- Exponents: Work with radicals and integer exponents
- Geometric Applications of Exponents: Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem.
- Functions: Define, evaluate, and compare functions
- Linear Functions: Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations
- Linear Models & Tables: Use functions to model relationships between quantities.
- Solving Systems of Equations: Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.
The 6th grade ELA department at Georgia Cyber Academy follows the Georgia Standards of Excellence (GSE). These standards incorporate instruction in the following areas: Reading, Vocabulary, Writing, Grammar, and Listening, Speaking and Viewing. In 6th grade, there is a strong focus on literature and writing in preparation for the Georgia Milestone Assessment (GMAP) which takes place in April. Instruction is tailored to meet the varying academic needs of all our students.
Georgia Cyber Academy’s 7th Grade ELA course is aligned to the Georgia Performance Standards, and intentionally designed to help students grow as readers, writers, and effective communicators while preparing them for success both in the classroom and on the Ga. Milestones EOG assessment. This course is intended to provide students with multiple opportunities to enhance their skills as readers and writers; to examine various literary themes; and to explore new genres, while growing towards becoming life-long learners. Students can expect to be challenged to meet 7th grade ELA standards, further develop skills mastered in preceding grades, and work towards meeting the expectations of Georgia Cyber Academy and those outlined in the state standards.
The 8th Grade ELA course is aligned to the Georgia Performance Standards and will help students grow as readers, writers, and life-long learners while preparing them for success on the Ga. Milestones EOG assessment and high school. According to the Georgia DOE, through their studies in this 8th grade ELA course, “Students should be able to comprehend more challenging books and articles, basing all of their analyses, inferences, and claims on explicit and relevant evidence from the texts. Students will expand on their ability to identify central ideas by identifying how those themes are shaped and conveyed by particular details. Their analysis of basic literary elements will extend to identifying connections and complexities within narratives and how individual elements weave together to advance plot and reveal character. The evaluation of the impact of language on tone and meaning will begin to include more sophisticated concepts such as analogy and allusion, subtleties in point of view such as dramatic irony, and a more sophisticated appreciation for connotative diction. These skills will be incorporated into the students’ own narrative and expository writing. Students will become increasingly adept at understanding an author’s biases, the use of complex rhetorical devices including logical fallacies, and tailoring his or her own prose for maximum influence. While continuing with a variety of literary non-fiction, students… will begin to tackle more technical informational texts as well. Literary selections will include foundational materials from mythology, cultural histories, and religious traditions.”
The Sixth Grade Georgia Standards of Excellence for science are designed to give all students an overview of common strands in earth science including, but not limited to, meteorology, geology, astronomy, and oceanography. Sixth grade students use records they keep and analyze the data they collect, plan and carry out investigations, describe observations, and show information in different forms. They are able to recognize relationships in simple charts and graphs and find more than one way to interpret their findings. They replicate investigations and compare results to find similarities and differences. Sixth graders study weather patterns and systems by observing and explaining how an aspect of weather can affect a weather system. They are able to construct explanations based on evidence of the role of water in Earth processes, recognize how the presence of land and water in combination with the energy from the sun affect the climate and weather of a region. They use different models to represent systems such as the solar system and the sun/moon/Earth system. They study uses and conservation of Earth’s natural resources and use what they observe about the Earth’s materials to infer the processes and timelines that formed them. (https://www.georgiastandards.org/Georgia-Standards/Documents/Science-Sixth-Grade-Georgia-Standards.pdf)
The purpose of Life Science is to give all students an overview of common strands including, but not limited to, diversity of living organisms, structure and function of cells, heredity, ecosystems, and biological evolution. Students will make and use observations to explain the diversity of living organisms and how the organisms are classified, how they reproduce and how genetic information is passed from parents to their offspring. They use different models to represent systems such as cells, tissues, and organs. They use what they know about ecosystems to explain how matter cycles and energy flows through the ecosystem. They use the concepts of natural selection and fossil evidence to construct explanations about the diversity of life that they see.
8th Grade Physical Science will use the Georgia Standards of Excellence to guide us in the study of matter, the periodic table, changes and states of matter, force and motion, energy, light and sound waves, electricity and magnets. Methods of teaching will vary, but will include live classes, student labs, videos and virtual activities.
Latin America, the Caribbean and Canada, Europe, and Australia Sixth grade is the first year of a two-year World Area Studies course. Sixth grade students study Latin America, Canada, Europe, and Australia. The goal of this two-year course is to acquaint middle school students with the world in which they live. The geography domain includes both physical and human geography. The intent of the geography domain is for students to begin to grasp the importance geography plays in their everyday lives. The government/civics domain focuses on selected types of government found in the various areas so that students begin to understand the variety of governments in the world. The economics domain builds on the K-5 economics standards; however, the focus shifts from the United States to how other countries answer the basic questions of economics. The history domain focuses on major events in each region during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Africa, Southwest Asia (Middle East), Southern and Eastern Asia Seventh grade is the second year of a two-year World Area Studies course. Seventh grade students study Africa and Asia. The goal of this two-year course is to acquaint middle school students with the world in which they live. The geography domain includes both physical and human geography. The intent of the geography domain is for students to begin to grasp the importance geography plays in their everyday lives. The government/civics domain focuses on selected types of government found in the various areas in order to help students begin to understand the variety of governments in the world. The economics domain builds on the K-5 economics standards; however, the focus shifts from the United States to how other countries answer the basic questions of economics. The history domain focuses primarily on significant events in each region from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
In eighth grade, students study Georgia geography, history, government, and economics. While the four strands are interwoven, ample opportunity is also provided for in-depth study of the geography of Georgia and the government of Georgia. U.S. historical events are included, as appropriate, to ensure students understand Georgia’s role in the history of the United States.
The course is designed around the Georgia Standards of Excellence. If you would like to see what these are for 8th Grade Social Studies you can click here: GA GSE Standards
Here is a breakdown of the concepts that students learn in Georgia Studies
GA Geography; European Explorers and Native Americans in GA, Colonial Period GA, GA’s role in the American Revolution; GA’s expansion; GA’s role in the Civil War; Reconstruction in GA; GA in the New Era;
GA’s contributions to WWI; GA’s role in WWII GA’s development after WWII; Civil Rights Movement; 20th Century Developments in GA; GA Government; GA Economy
Each month a character trait is featured in the Middle School Counseling newsletter. Teachers and staff are encouraged to nominate students who display the character trait of the month. Students who have been identified by their teacher as displaying the character trait of the month are recognized with a description of how the student has displayed the character trait of the month. To see if your child was recognized by a teacher or staff member, go to the Character Crusaders section of the Middle School Counseling newsletter.
Using the tools, tricks and techniques of professional artists, you’ll create people and objects that leap off the page. You’ll start with your sketchbook, and put down your ideas and impressions. You’ll develop those ideas by creating artwork based on the Elements and Principles of Art with an overall theme in Comics. You’ll finish with a collection of original artwork in a variety of formats that tells the story your way. We will have sketchbook, vocabulary, and art history activities in addition to Art projects. Expect each week to spend 1-2 hrs. to work on your art curriculum asynchronously. We will meet one time a week and while optional it is highly encouraged to attend as we will walk through the assignments and projects for that week. Contact Ms. Counts for 7th and 8th grade if you have any questions regarding this course.
Accessing Your Assignments
One of the advantages to online learning is that all your assignments have been created ahead of time and are available within the course. There are no surprises; because you have a course schedule, you may work ahead. Lessons are conditionally released (unlocked) upon completion of the prior lesson.
Submitting Your Assignments
Save all assignments that are completed and submitted to your instructor, just in case. Always save a copy of what you submit either on a flash drive or on your computer’s hard drive. If there are ever technical issues, you have the assignments ready to submit again if needed. If a problem arises during submittal, email your teacher the assignment with a screen shot of what occurred. Otherwise all assignments should be submitted within the course. All assignment due dates are set and communicated using Eastern Standard Time (EST). Any assignment received after the due date and time according to Eastern Standard Time will be considered late.
Grade Response Time
Please allow a turn-around time of 3-5 school days after submitting an assignment during the Fall and Spring semesters and one school day during the summer semester, although you will often receive your grade sooner. For major projects, teachers may indicate a longer turn-around time for grading. Teachers will notify students when additional time is required to assess assignments such as projects. Keep the turn-around time in mind when planning your schedule so you can turn in assignments and still allow time for feedback.